Rasht is the capital city of Gilan Province, Iran. As of the 24 October 2011 census, its population was 639,951.
Rasht is the largest city on Iran's Caspian Sea coast. It is a major trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh in the adjacent mountains and the beaches of Caspian as some of the major attractions.
The first national library of Iran was established in Rasht under the Qajar dynasty. Furthermore, Nasim e Shomal as the first modern newspaper of Iran after the constitutional revolution has been published in Rasht.
Rasht is growingly turning into an industrialized town like most of the Iranian large cities and province capitals. Enjoying the Kadus International Hotel and hundreds of tourist attractions, Rasht receives thousands of foreign tourists annually, mostly from Austria, Germany, Netherlands, France, Australia, Japan and African countries like Senegal andCameroon as well as countries from Oceania like Micronesia. Rasht is known for its famous building of municipality located in a square called the Square of Municipality which was constructed circa 1900 but being renovated each year.
The people of Rasht speak Gileki as their mother tongue and Persian language as of the official language of Iran.
Rashti people are said to spend much on books, clothes and food. They spend the leisure times going to cinemas, art exhibitions, music concerts and international book fairs that are being held in the city most of times in a year.
Rasht has signed the treaty of city twinning with the following cities:
• Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Moscow, Russia
• Astrakhan, Russia
• Trabzon, Turkey
• Kutaisi, Georgia
• Schwaebisch Hall, Germany