Flora and Fauna
Iran is a very rich country in terms of variety of plant and animal life. Fauna - Iran’s spectacular wild life includes special endemic species of 163 mammals, 517 birds, 1000 batrachian and crawling animal. Iranian forests are habitats for wildcat, wolf, jackal, boar, fox, bear and ram as well as several rare and endangered species such as the Asiatic Cheetah and Ground jay which is found only in IRAN. The Persian leopard is said to be the largest of all the subspecies of leopards in the world. The main range of this species in Iran closely overlaps with that of Bezoar ibex. This specie is also found in smaller ranges within the Iranian plateau, hence it is found throughout Alborz and Zagros mountain ranges.
The Hyrcanian forest of Iran is the sole remnant of the broad leaf forests that once covered most of the North Temperate Zone in the early Cenozoic Era, 25-50 million years ago. Ten million hectares of oak forest lies in Iran’s highlands in Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, Fars, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Ilam and Kermanshah provinces. Acorns, aspens poplars and maples of this forest would give the visitors another view of IRAN’s natural surroundings.